By Erika Bolstad, Idaho Statesman
WASHINGTON — Cami Hurst and her husband's extended family had grand plans for their annual family reunion, and had found a beach house they could all squeeze into on the Oregon coast.
Then they started adding up how much it would cost for five young families to drive from Idaho and soon realized that their modest family gathering had become unaffordable. Instead of a beach getaway this summer, they planned a family barbecue closer to home.
"That's $3,000 extra, and it was only in gas," said Hurst, 29, the mother of three children under seven. "That's ridiculous."
Hurst's story is one of more than 1,200 submitted in response to a request by U.S. Sen. Mike Crapo, R-Idaho, for constituents to tell him what the high price of gasoline had done to their family budgets. Over the past month, Crapo has been submitting their testimonials into the Congressional Record every day that Congress has been in session.
The stories reveal how an American way of life is being eroded by the disappearance of cheap energy. Sometimes, the cost is small, such as foregoing a cherished family reunion or looking for someone to share a ride to work. Others, however, are heartbreaking — the choice between gassing up the car or eating a meal.
"Both my husband and I have been eating less to ensure that our children are well fed, among other cuts in our life," wrote one woman, who did not give her name.
A woman who identified herself only as Mary of Boise, 87, described the difficulty of raising her 10-year-old great-grandson on her meager Social Security check.
"I now either have gas to get to the store or medicine," Mary wrote. "With a 10-year-old, food is most important." There is "no regular bus service" where she lives, Mary wrote, and it costs $2 to get to and from the grocery store on the bus when there is service.
"Have you ever tried to feed yourself, a 10-year-old, pay property taxes and buy medicine on $517 a month?" she wrote.
Crapo said he was inspired to ask for the stories by one of his colleagues, Sen. Bernard Sanders, I-Vt. Sanders sought letters from his constituents about the effect energy prices were having in Vermont, and then read them on the floor of the U.S. Senate.
The two men are nearly polar opposites on the political spectrum, but both represent rural states with cold winters where energy prices have hit families especially hard. The letters are intended to "introduce a dose of reality" to the energy debate, said Sanders, who bundled what he got from his constituents in a booklet titled "The Collapse of the Middle Class."
"I was just blown away by both the number of stories we heard, and the depth of pain that came through these e-mails," Sanders said. "People are really, really hurting."
There is, of course, a political agenda to the stories. Crapo is a co-sponsor of the Senate Republican energy plan, known as the Gas Price Reduction Act. The act has as its centerpiece a call for expanded offshore drilling, but also encourages oil shale development in the western United States and research into electric cars.
Competing Democratic energy proposals have focused on conservation and curbing market speculation, but don't call for opening up additional territory for domestic production. Sanders, who's the only Socialist in the Senate, said he's not against drilling on the 68 million acres of federal land already leased to oil companies, "but no one, not the Bush administration, thinks that drilling is going to have any impact on the current economic crisis."
So far, Crapo said that nothing he has heard has changed his mind about key provisions of the bill, including offshore drilling. The responses from his constituents have only clarified his views on the energy crisis, Crapo said, adding that he was pleased that people from Idaho seem to agree that it will take a "diverse and broad" approach to bring down prices.
That includes expanding the use of nuclear power, research into alternative fuels and additional conservation, Crapo said.
"By far, the consistent message I'm getting is exactly the kind of common sense I think Congress needs," Crapo said.
Congress hasn't made much progress on energy-related issues, however, and is unlikely to pass any legislation before it goes home at the end of the week for its annual August recess.
Which won't come as a surprise to Aaron of Coeur d'Alene, who also didn't provide his last name. Aaron wrote that he "doubts that Congress will act," and as a result, "I also would not be surprised to see your constituents come after Congress with pitchforks and torches."
Then there's this from Esther Miller of Athol, Idaho, who offered an only-in-a-rural state idea: If the price of fuel continues to rise, Miller wrote, "We will get to the point where we have to choose between the mortgages and utilities or gas in the tank. If it were not so far away we would consider riding horses to work every day."
Susan Potter, 52, and her husband told Crapo they used to drive separately from Firth to their jobs in Idaho Falls. Potter is a bookkeeper; her husband, Michael, 61, does auto body and fender repair.
A year ago, it cost about $320 a month for them both to drive 36 miles roundtrip each day. Now, they share the trip, but it costs them $340 "just to get to work," Potter said. The two-and-a-half hour trip to Wendell to check on her in-laws each month now costs them an additional $100 a month.
"Why can't you get some of the best minds together and come up with practical, common-sense solutions?" Potter asked. "We're the best country in the world to take care of things properly, why can't we come up with good solutions?"
Amen to that, said Daniel Melvin, owner of Boise's Melvin Communications.
"I think it's time that the world's most technologically advanced nation illustrate to the world the most technologically advanced means of extracting energy," Melvin said. "I hear people crying about how drilling in the U.S. might 'spoil natural resources.' I'd be willing to wager that if we weren't dependent upon Middle Eastern oil we could have, most likely, saved about 4,000 U.S. servicemen and women's lives."
Hurst said that her own spending on gas has crept up from $200 to $500 a month. She wants to see the United States become less dependent on oil from the Middle East or other foreign places, even if it means drilling for oil shale in Wyoming or opening up ANWR in Alaska.
"I'm an average stay at home mom," she said. "I just know how it's affecting my family. I just know it's killing our budget. We are totally held captive by the Middle East. They have the power over my family's budget, and I hate that."
IDAHO VOICES ON GAS PRICES
NO MORE FOSSIL FUELS
"The cost of gas matters. ... Yet, I also welcome the high costs of gasoline if it forces us to an awareness of how destructive burning fossil fuels is and forces us to change. I absolutely oppose more production of fossil fuels and urge you to take alternative energy sources seriously: wind, solar, and support these with the kind of subsidies you so easily give to agriculture. My 'story' is outrage that government has given so little thought to alternatives."
ENOUGH OF ENVIRONMENTALISTS
"Congress needs to get moving and do something productive about our country's energy plan. ANWR, offshore drilling, etc., should be used immediately. Enough of our environmentalists trying to block every attempt to increase our own production. Nuclear power is a no-brainer. It is time we take back our own country and for Congress to do something - leading, not political bickering, would be a refreshing idea."
"The United Sates has a chance to be at the forefront of research into whatever technology will ultimately replace petroleum-based energy. Instead of the U.S. depending on foreign oil, why not make the rest of the world dependent on U.S. company patents for whatever ultimately replaces petroleum as the leading energy technology?"
DRILL MORE OIL HERE
"We have oil in Alaska; we have oil in Texas. Drill more here; supply ourselves. Why are we shipping oil out? Why not keep our oil here so that OPEC can't hold us up at the bank?"
YES TO NUCLEAR, WIND, SOLAR
"If nuclear energy can be utilized safely, let's use it. Let's use wind turbines. Let's utilize solar farms on our vast acreage of public lands here in Idaho. We must act before our economy is destroyed. It will take decades to repair the damage if Congress doesn't act now."
Kirt and Janet, Malta
"Can you please explain to me why the Republican Congress did nothing to confront this issue four years ago when they controlled all three branches of the government? You knew then that there was an energy crisis and that it would get worse. Yet no proactive legislation was passed to confront the issue or to increase production ... why?"
Unsigned, Coeur d'Alene
A REASON FOR WIND TO STOP
"I watched part of a program on PBS where communities are pooling together and buying wind mills to power their towns, and the people in the communities profited from the project through little or no cost for power. Why can't we get something started like that in Idaho? If for no other reason, it would give the wind a reason to stop blowing."
Kathy, Twin Falls
SKIPPING MOVIES, DINNER
"There is no public transportation out where I live in Kuna, so I have to bite the bullet and pay these exorbitant prices at the pump, do without going to the movies, out to dinner or buying the new pair of sandals I need for the summer. ... Sure hope Congress gets going and allows us to start drilling for our own oil!"
WE NEED TRANSIT
"We do not need lower gas taxes. We need better public transportation. We need leadership that encourages conservation. We need investment in education and research that has the promise of providing a future for our children that is not dependent on nations who do no have our best interests in mind. We have always had independent minds in Idaho. Let's have clean, sustainable energy independence as well."
BETTER GAS MILEAGE
"The technology exists today to almost double gas mileage in vehicles, but our government can't even get the car manufacturers to comply with federal fuel consumption guidelines, which are a pittance. There has not been a significant breakthrough in vehicle gas mileage from the major carmakers for over 10 years. This is not only inexcusable, it is a major factor in the reason that GM and Ford have fallen on hard times the last several years."
PRICES HURT TRUCKERS
"I am an over-the-road truck driver, and these fuel prices are killing us. Where is it going to stop? We need to drill in ANWR, and off our East and West coasts. And we need more refineries. It seems to be like Washington, D.C., does not care for the working class people anymore."
By Erika Bolstad, Idaho Statesman
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