Iraq by the Numbers

In the sixth year of the third-longest war in American history, more than 4,000 American servicemen and women have been killed. More than 150,000 U.S. troops are now deployed, up from 132,000 in Iraq before President Bush's "surge." While the administration originally estimated that the war would cost less than $60 billion, the long-term price tag is now $3 trillion. No wonder that in our online survey more than 80 percent of you oppose continu

In the sixth year of the third-longest war in American history, more than 4,000 American servicemen and women have been killed. More than 150,000 U.S. troops are now deployed, up from 132,000 in Iraq before President Bush's "surge." While the administration originally estimated that the war would cost less than $60 billion, the long-term price tag is now $3 trillion. No wonder that in our online survey more than 80 percent of you oppose continuing the war. In the news media, meanwhile, there has been a "staggering" decline in coverage of Iraq, according to an article in the American Journalism Review.

Iraq - key benchmarks and the state of the "surge"

Number of U.S. troops that will be in Iraq in the summer of 2008, according to the Bush Administration's projections:
140,000

Number of U.S. troops in Iraq in January 2007, prior to the military escalation:
132,000

Number of U.S. troops in Iraq when President Bush declared "mission accomplished" in May 2003:
130,000

Number of months before Iraq's security forces will be able to independently fulfill its security role, according to the September 2007 final report of the Independent Commission on the Security Forces of Iraq:
12-18 months

Number of years that Iraq's security forces will continue to require U.S. military support, according to senior military officials:
10 years

Number of provinces (of a total of 18) where Iraq's security forces have assumed the lead security role:
9

Number of Iraqi soldiers and policemen who deserted or refused to fight in the recent military offensive in Basra:
1,300

Percent of the estimated 91,000 primarily Sunni volunteers aligned with the U.S. supported Concerned Local Citizens (CLC) program the Iraqi government has pledged to integrate in Iraq's Security Forces:
25 percent

Number of Iraqi prisoners in U.S. custody prior to the troop surge (January 2007):
14,000

Number of Iraqi prisoners in U.S. custody today:
23,000

Percent of the $10 billion in reconstruction funds that the Iraqi government spent on programs aimed at improving the lives of the Iraqi people (as of November 2007):
7 percent

Estimated amount of Iraqi government surplus funds that are currently sitting in bank accounts, primarily in the United States:
$30 billion

Estimated number of Iraqis who fled their homes each month, from January to July 2007:
100,000

Percent of Iraqis surveyed by the United Nations who say they left their neighborhoods in response to direct threats to their lives:
63 percent

Percent of Baghdad's population that was Sunni before the Surge:
65 percent

Percent of Baghdad's population that is Shiite today:
75 percent

Percent of Iraqis surveyed in a March 2008 poll who said that the freedom to live where you wish without persecution in Iraq is "quite bad" or "very bad":
60 percent

Percent of Iraqis surveyed in a March 2008 poll who disapprove of the way Prime Minister al-Maliki is handling his job:
58 percent

Percent of a group of more than 100 foreign policy experts (bipartisan group) who assess that the surge has had a negative impact on U.S. national security:
53 percent

Percent of Iraqis surveyed in a March 2008 poll who oppose the presence of Coalition Forces in Iraq:
73 percent

Percent of Americans who support a strategy to withdraw U.S. troops from Iraq:
56 percent

Percent of American military families who disapprove of the Bush administration's handling of the needs of active-duty troops, military families and veterans:
53 percent

Rank of Iraq on the 2007 Failed States Index:
2




Iraq - Security

Approximate number of U.S. troops currently in Iraq:
150,000

Percent of coalition forces contributed by the U.S.:
94

Number of U.S. service members killed in Iraq:
4,081

Number of U.S. service members wounded in Iraq:
30,059

Number of National Guard soldiers killed in Iraq:
454

Number of National Guard soldiers killed in the entire Vietnam War:
97

Number of Iraqi military and police killed since training began in June 2003:
8,257

Number of journalists killed in Iraq:
127

Number of journalists killed in Vietnam:
63

Percent of terrorists, foreign fighters, and insurgents who continue to gain sanctuary, resources and border access from Syria:
90 percent

Percent of Iraqis who approve of attacks on Coalition forces:
42 percent

Number of Iraqi police and security forces trained and equipped:
445,662

Number of weapons the U.S. provided to Iraq's security forces in 2004-2005 that the Pentagon is unable to account for:
190,000

Value of unaccounted for military equipment and services uncovered by a recent Pentagon Inspector General audit of the $5.2 billion U.S. fund for training and equipping Iraq's security forces:
$1.1 billion

Estimated amount of Iraqi government money that has been lost to corruption and stealing schemes (and often has fallen into the hands of militias) since 2004:
$18 billion

Rank of Iraq on Transparency International's annual corruption index (out of 180 countries surveyed, with 180 being the most corrupt):
178




Iraq - Costs of the War

The Bush Administration's original estimates of the cost of the war:
$50-60 billion

Amount appropriated for operations in Iraq to date:
$526 billion

Pending Fiscal Year 2008 emergency war supplemental request:
$108 billion

Estimated cost of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan for Fiscal Year 2009, according to Secretary Gates:
$170 billion

Amount the Bush Administration requested for operations in Iraq and Afghanistan for Fiscal Year 2009:
$70 billion

Estimated total cost of the war in Iraq:
>$3 trillion

Cost of funding the war through borrowed money:
$816 billion

Approximate amount spent by the U.S. in World War I (in inflation-adjusted dollars):
$264 billion

Approximate amount spent by the U.S. in Vietnam (in inflation-adjusted dollars):
$669 billion

Approximate amount the U.S. is spending in Iraq per month:
$12 billion

Approximate amount the U.S. spent in Iraq per month in Fiscal Year 2003 (including operational and investment costs):
$4.4 billion

Percent of current and former U.S. military officers surveyed in a recent independent study who believe that the demands of the war in Iraq have "stretched the U.S. military dangerously thin:"
88 percent

Percent of military officers surveyed who believe that the U.S. has gained "the greatest strategic advantage from the war in Iraq:"
19 percent

Percent of military officers surveyed who believe that Iran has gained "the greatest strategic advantage from the war in Iraq:"
37 percent




Iraq - Humanitarian

Estimated number of Iraqis killed in the violence since U.S.-led invasion, according to the Iraq Body Count:
83,798- 91,460


Estimated number of Iraqis killed in the violence since U.S.-led invasion, according to a recent survey conducted by the Iraqi government and the World Health Organization:
151,000


Estimated increase in nonviolent deaths - due to causes such as childhood infections and kidney failure - among Iraqis since 2003:
60 percent


Number of Iraqi civilians that need immediate emergency aid (i.e. water, sanitation, food and shelter), according to an independent July 2007 study:
8 million (approximately 1/3 of Iraq population)


Approximate number of Iraqi who have fled the country as refugees:
>2 million


Approximate number of Iraqis who have been internally displaced:
2.7 million


Percent of Iraq's professional class that has left the country since late 2003:
40 percent


Percent of doctors, pharmacists, and nurses who have left their jobs since 2003:
Up to 75 percent


Number of Iraqis who were granted entry to the United States in Fiscal Year 2007 (out of a goal of 7,000):
1,608


Number of Iraqis who have been granted entry to the United States in 2008 (out of a goal of 12,000):
2,627


Percent of Iraq's population that currently lives in "absolute poverty":
43


Infant mortality rate in Iraq: (Middle East average is 37, sub-Saharan Africa average is 105)
102


Percent of Iraqi children who suffered from malnutrition prior to the war:
19 percent


Percent of Iraqi children who are chronically malnourished today:
28 percent


Percent of Iraqi children who have access to safe drinking water:
40 percent


Percent of Iraqi elementary-age children who attended school in 2006, according to the Iraq Ministry of Education:
75 percent


Percent of Iraqi elementary-age children who attended school in 2007 according to the Iraq Ministry of Education:
30 percent


Percent of 17 year-olds in Iraq who took final exams last summer, according to UNICEF:
28 percent

Iraq - Reconstruction

Total amount appropriated by the U.S. for relief and reconstruction in Iraq:
$46.3 billion


Percent of the $20.8 billion U.S. Iraq Relief and Reconstruction fund for large-scale reconstruction projects that has been spent:
93 percent


Percent of U.S. reconstruction projects that the Iraqi government has assumed responsibility for:
15 percent


Of the $15.8 billion pledged during and after the October 2003 Madrid conference, amount foreign countries have actually spent on reconstruction in Iraq:
$2.5 billion or 16 percent


Estimated unemployment rate, according to the Pentagon:
17.6 percent


Estimated underemployment rate, according to the Pentagon:
38.1 percent


Percent of Iraqis surveyed in a February poll who rated the availability of jobs as quite bad or very bad:
70 percent


Of the $57 billion in contract funds for Iraq reconstruction aid, the amount the U.S. government has squandered due to contractor overcharges and unsupported expenses:
$10 billion


Of these $10 billion in overpriced contracts and unsupported expenses, amount that was charged by Halliburton:
$2.7 billion


Oil production for May 2008 (barrels per day):
2.38 million


Average oil production prior to invasion (barrels per day):
2.5 million


Bush Administration's prewar projections of Iraq's post-war oil output (barrels per day):
3 million


Portion of Iraq's GDP generated by oil revenues:
2/3


Electricity production in Iraq (in megawatts) prior to invasion (March 2003):
4,110


Electricity production to have been reached by July 2004, according to U.S. reconstruction goals:
6,000


Electricity production in Iraq (in megawatts) in May 2008:
4,040


Percent current electricity supply outpaces demand:
57 percent


Percent of Iraqis surveyed in a February poll who rated the supply of electricity as "quite bad" or "very bad:"
88 percent


Percent of Iraqis who lacked regular access to clean water prior to 2003:
50 percent


Percent of Iraqis who lack regular access to clean water today - according to a July 2007 Oxfam International report:
70 percent


Percent of Iraqis who lack effective sanitation - according to a July 2007 Oxfam International report:
80 percent


Number of the 142 U.S. funded primary health care centers that are open to the public:
60


Percent of Iraqis surveyed in a February poll who rated the availability of medical care as "quite bad" or "very bad:"
62 percent


SOURCES

Iraq - key benchmarks and the state of the "surge"

1. Associated Press, 2/2808.

2. Associated Press, 2/2808.

3. Salon.com 9/10/07.

4. Independent Commission on the Security Forces of Iraq, 9/6/07. 9/6/07.

5. Washington Post, 1/18/08.

6. Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq, March 2008.

7. New York Times, 4/14/08.

8. Los Angeles Times, 1/14/08. Brookings Institution Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

9. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

10. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

11. Wall Street Journal, 3/17/08.

12. CRS, Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security, Updated March 31, 2008. See report p. 2, $20 billion + in funding reserves of foreign currency and gold. Additionally, nearly $10 billion in unspent capitol funds from 2007 remain in U.S. banks. Estimate of $30 billion provided by CRS, 4/11/08.

13. Washington Post, 9/5/07.

14. Washington Post, 9/5/07.

15. McClatchy, 9/9/07.

16. McClatchy, 9/9/07

17. BBC, 3/14/08. ABC News/BBC/NHK National survey.

18. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

19. Terrorism Index, Center for American Progress/Foreign Policy, 8/20/07.

20. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

21. Washington Post, 4/18/08.

22. Los Angeles Times, 12/7/07.

23. Failed States Index, as reported by the Washington Post, 6/18/07.


Iraq - Security

1. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

2. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/5/08 reports that there were approximately 9,907 non-U.S., non-Iraqi troops in Iraq as of May 2008.

3. Department of Defense, OIF Casualty Update, 5/19/08.

4. Department of Defense, OIF Casualty Update, 5/19/08.

5. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

6. New York Daily News, 7/5/05.

7. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

8. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

9. New York Times, 5/30/06. 3,468 attacks in Iraq in 2005 and 6,630 in 2006.

10. Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq, March 2008.

11. BBC, 3/14/08. ABC News/BBC/NHK National survey.

12. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

13. According to the GAO, as reported by the Washington Post, 8/6/07.

14. Associated Press, 12/7/07.

15. New York Times, 12/2/07.

16. New York Times, 12/2/07. Also, see Transparency International: http://www.transparency.org

Iraq - Cost of the War

1. New York Times, 12/31/02.

2. Senate Appropriations Committee Majority Staff, 2/4/08; CRS, last updated 5/16/08.

3. CRS, last updated 5/16/08.

4. New York Times, 2/7/08.

5. New York Times, 2/7/08.

6. New York Times, 3/19/08.

7. Associated Press, 3/10/08.

8. Congressional Research Service, 10/18/07.

9. Congressional Research Service, 10/18/07.

10. Washington Post, 3/9/08.

11. Congressional Research Service RL 33110. This estimate includes both operational (military personnel, operation and maintenance, working capitol, defense health) and investment (procurement, RTD&E, and military construction) costs, last updated 5/16/08.

12. Foreign Policy/Center for New American Security, February 2008.

13. Foreign Policy/Center for New American Security, February 2008.

14. Foreign Policy/Center for New American Security, February 2008.

Iraq - Humanitarian

1. Iraq Body Count, accessed 5/5/08.

2. Washington Post, 1/10/08.

3. Washington Post, 1/10/08.

4. Oxfam and the NGO Coordination Committee in Iraq (NCCI). Rising to the Humanitarian Challenge in Iraq, July 2007.

5. UNHCR, The Iraq Situation, 4/1/08.

6. UNHCR, The Iraq Situation, 4/1/08.

7. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

8. Medact, 1/16/08. http://www.medact.org/content/violence/MedactIraq08final.pdf

9. Human Rights First, 2007 Iraq Refugee Admissions.

10. USA Today, 4/21/08.

11. Oxfam, Rising to the humanitarian challenge in Iraq, 7/07.

12. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

13. Oxfam and the NGO Coordination Committee in Iraq (NCCI), Rising to the humanitarian challenge in Iraq, 7/07.

14. Oxfam and the NGO Coordination Committee in Iraq (NCCI), Rising to the humanitarian challenge in Iraq, 7/07.

15. InterPress Service, 3/10/08.

16. Newsweek, 1/22/07.

17. Newsweek, 1/22/07.

18. McClatchy, 12/21/07.

Iraq - Reconstruction

1. Special Inspector for Iraq Reconstruction, Quarterly Report to Congress, April 2008.

2. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

3. Los Angeles Times, 7/30/07.

4. USA Today, 1/30/08.

5. Department of Defense, Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq, March 2008.

6. Department of Defense, Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq, March 2008.

7. BBC, 3/14/08. ABC News/BBC/NHK National survey.

8. Associated Press, 2/15/07.

9. Associated Press, 2/15/07.

10. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

11. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

12. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

13. Department of Defense, Measuring Stability and Security in Iraq, March 2008.

14. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

15. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

16. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

17. Department of Defense, Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq, March 2008.

18. BBC, 3/14/08. ABC News/BBC/NHK National survey.

19. Oxfam, Rising to the humanitarian challenge in Iraq, July 2007.

20. Oxfam, Rising to the humanitarian challenge in Iraq, July 2007.

21. Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, 5/15/08.

22. Special Inspector for Iraq Reconstruction, Quarterly Report to Congress, April 2008.

23. BBC, 3/14/08. ABC News/BBC/NHK National survey.